Amazonia Security Agenda
A nexus of securities under threat
Amazonia’s abundant natural resources underpin water, energy, food and health security for the people and economies of the region and far beyond. At the heart of this nexus of securities is water. So abundant in the region, but now under increasing threat as industrial and agricultural pollution increases, and extreme droughts reveal a once unthinkable water vulnerability.
Interview with Manuel Pulgar-Vidal, Minister of Environment of Peru
Huge wealth continues to be generated from Amazonia’s vast natural resources, but with high environmental and social costs.
And even as many of its nations seek to produce more energy, minerals, metals and agricultural commodities from the region to meet increasing national and global demand, Amazonia’s own citizens do not share equitably in the benefits.
This large-scale economic development in Amazonia has always been predicated on deforestation. But by compromising Amazonia’s ecosystems, deforestation is now threatening not only the wellbeing and rights of the region’s people, but also the economic sustainability of the very industries that it has enabled.
Climate change as a threat multiplier
Climate change will multiply these threats, as increasing temperatures, changing rainfall patterns and more frequent and intense extreme events further impact water, energy, food and health security.
The droughts, floods and fires of the last decade could provide an early indication of the challenges and opportunities that lie ahead.
A new security agenda
This calls for a new security agenda for Amazonia. Not one focused only on national security in a traditional sense, but rather one that acts to strengthen the fundamental underpinnings of a flourishing society – sustained access to water, energy, food and good health for all. These ‘securities’ are under increasing threat, both individually and in combination, creating significant risks for people, governments and industry.
- Food Energy Water nexus in South Africa (WWF)
- Nexus Thinking Explained (IIEA)
- The water food energy nexus (SAB Miller)
- SAB Miller & WWF report: Insights into Resilient Development
- Xyntéo: Dispatches from the policy frontline
Nexus resources for the private sector:
- Financial Times - A World Without Water
- Conservation International: Resources - the Energy Water Food Nexus [PDF]
Nexus resources for national governments:
- Earth Security Index
- Water Energy and Food Security Resource Platform - policy recommendations from the Bonn 2011 Nexus Conference
- The IIEA/European Parliament Environment Nexus - an online hub for EU environment policy